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Migrating from Microsoft Azure to Google Cloud Platform (GCP): A Step-by-Step Guide

Updated: Apr 1

Cloud migration is becoming increasingly common as businesses explore cloud providers that best suit their changing needs. If you are considering a move from Microsoft Azure to Google Cloud Platform (GCP), this comprehensive migration guide is tailored to provide insights and best practices for a seamless and successful Cloud Migration. Discover essential phases and explore recommended tools to facilitate a smooth transition and ensure the best possible outcomes for your business.

Migrating from Microsoft Azure to Google Cloud Platform (GCP): A Step-by-Step Guide

Reasons to Migrate from Azure to GCP

While both Azure and GCP provide powerful cloud services, specific advantages might lead you to migrate to GCP:

  • Cost Optimization: GCP often provides a more flexible and competitive pricing model.

  • Innovation Focus: GCP emphasizes innovation in areas like machine learning, artificial intelligence, and analytics.

  • Kubernetes Expertise: GCP is considered a leader in Kubernetes for container orchestration.

  • Open-Source Commitment: GCP promotes open-source technologies, potentially reducing vendor lock-in.

Key Steps in the Migration Process

1. Assessment and Planning

  • Inventory Assessment: Evaluate your Azure environment, including VMs, databases, storage, and networking, to identify dependencies.

  • Target Architecture: Design the desired Google Cloud environment, aligning it with your business goals.

  • Cost Analysis: Compare Azure costs with projected GCP costs for a clear financial picture.

  • Migration Strategy: Determine the migration approach – rehost ("lift and shift"), re-platform (modifications), or refactor (re-architecting).

2. Preparation

  • GCP Foundation: Set up GCP projects, establish IAM (Identity and Access Management) for access control, and create network infrastructure (VPC, firewalls).

  • Migration Tool Selection: Choose the right tools. Google's Migrate for Compute Engine (formerly Velostrata) is popular, but there are third-party options as well.

  • Compatibility Assessment: Check if your applications and databases require modifications to run optimally on GCP.

3. Migration

  • Network Connectivity: Establish a secure connection between Azure and GCP environments using options like VPN or dedicated interconnects.

  • Phased Migration: Consider migrating a small workload first to validate your approaches.

  • Data Migration: Plan your data migration method depending on size and sensitivity. GCP offers tools like Cloud Storage Transfer Service.

  • Workload Migration: Leverage cloud-native tools or your chosen migration solution to move workloads efficiently.

4. Testing and Validation

  • Rigorous Testing: Validate functionality, performance, and security of migrated workloads on GCP.

  • User Acceptance Testing: Involve end-users to test applications post-migration for potential issues.

5. Cutover

  • Minimize Downtime: Plan the cutover carefully to minimize disruptions to production systems. Consider using DNS change to switch traffic seamlessly.

  • Monitor: Closely monitor the migrated workloads on GCP to proactively catch any issues.

Migrating from Microsoft Azure to Google Cloud Platform (GCP): A Step-by-Step Guide

Tools to Simplify Your Migration

  • Google Cloud Migrate for Compute Engine: Streamlines moving VMs from Azure to GCP, minimizing downtime with continuous synchronization.

  • Cloud Endure Migration: Handles a wide array of workload types for easier migrations.

  • Third-party Tools: Options like Carbonite Migrate offer various features and customizations.

Post-Migration Optimization

  • Rightsizing: Assess resource utilization on GCP and adjust VMs and storage tiers for efficiency and cost savings.

  • Leverage GCP Services: Take advantage of unique GCP services to optimize performance and explore additional innovations.

Important Considerations

  • Change Management: Effective communication is crucial throughout the process to ensure buy-in and address user concerns.

  • Skills and Training: Train your team on GCP technologies or engage a partner with GCP expertise.

  • Security: Prioritize security best practices on GCP, aligning with your compliance requirements.

Case Study: Azure to GCP Migration for a Transportation Network

Project Objective

A transportation network, utilizing Azure for various applications, decided to migrate to GCP. The project objectives included workload analysis, cloud best practices consulting, and the migration of 32 identified applications.

Solution Roadmap

1. GCP Setup:

  • Establish GCP as the migration destination.

  • Set up Virtual Private Clouds (VPCs) and networks for each environment and application.

2. Containerization:

Containerize all identified applications and deploy them on Kubernetes for scalable and efficient operation.

3. Integration Testing:

Conduct integration testing for the multi-cloud setup to ensure seamless operation.

4. Mapping Services:

Map Azure services to equivalent GCP offerings based on existing Azure bill performance.

5. Unix Benchmarking:

Perform benchmarking of production-ready machines in GCP against Azure using Unix Benchmarking tools.

6. Documentation:

Create comprehensive documentation for setup and migration activities.

Business Solution

1. Cloud Partner Selection:

Choose the right cloud partner for a successful cloud journey.

2. Cloud Foundation:

Set up a robust cloud foundation with secure, scalable, modular, and easily accessible resources.

3. Migration Strategy:

Maintain a migration strategy for critical databases to ensure a smooth transition.

4. End-to-End Container Journey:

Enable the client to embark on an end-to-end container journey for enhanced flexibility and efficiency.


Migrating from Microsoft Azure to Google Cloud, though not without its challenges, can yield significant benefits when performed correctly. By meticulously planning, selecting the right migration tools, and carefully validating post-migration results, you can ensure a smooth and successful transition to Google Cloud.

Explore the possibilities of seamless migration! Delve into the details of our Cloud Migration Services.


Kitameraki ( is the trusted partner for comprehensive IT Consulting and IT services in Indonesia. With strong focus on IT Solutions, Web Development, Mobile App Development, and Cloud Solutions, we help businesses navigate the ever-evolving digital landscape. Our expertise extends to Cloud Services, Cloud Migration, Data Analytics, Big Data, Business Intelligence, Data Science, and Cybersecurity.


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